AIR POLLUTION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC IN 2010

Czech Hydrometeorological Institute - Air Quality Protection Division




LIST OF FIGURES

Fig. –1 Scheme of ISKOs links to data sources and co-operating systems 2010
Fig. I.1.1 Total emissions of basic pollutants in the Czech Republic between 1990 and 2010
Fig. I.1.2 The comparison of year-to-year development of the data on emissions in individual categories in 2007–2010
Fig. I.1.3 Fuel consumption in REZZO 3 sources, 1992–2010
Fig. I.1.4 Sale of solid fuel boilers, hearths and heaters up to 50 kW in 1996–2010 (source: APTT)
Fig. I.1.5 Nitrogen oxides emission density from 5x5 km squares, 2009
Fig. I.1.6 Emission density of total suspended particles from 5x5 km squares, 2009
Fig. I.1.7 Sulphur dioxide emission density from 5x5 km squares, 2009
Fig. I.1.8 Carbon moNOxide emission density from 5x5 km squares, 2009
Fig. I.2.1 Emissions of carbon dioxide structured by sectors, 1990–2009
Fig. I.2.2 Emissions of methane structured by sectors, 1990–2009
Fig. I.2.3 Emissions of nitrous oxide structured by sectors, 1990–2009
Fig. I.2.4 Emissions of F-gases, 1995–2009
Fig. II.1.1 Major station networks of ambient air quality monitoring, 2010
Fig. II.1.2 Monitoring of basic pollutants in selected organisations – development
Fig. II.4.1.1 The number of exceedances of the 24-hour limit value of PM10 in selected localities (the localities with complete data series for the respective years), Prague agglomeration, 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.1.2 The share of localities (with complete data series for the respective years) in the territory of Prague agglomeration with exceedances of the 24-hour limit value of PM10, 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.1.3 The annual average concentrations of PM10 in selected traffic and background localities (the localities with complete data series for the respective years), Prague agglomeration, 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.1.4 The annual course of monthly concentrations of PM10 and the number of exceedances of the 24-hour limit value of PM10, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.5 The annual course of monthly concentrations of PM2.5, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.6 The annual average concentrations of PM2.5 in selected localities, Prague agglomeration, 2004–2010
Fig. II.4.1.7 The annual course of monthly concentrations of NO2, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.8 The annual average concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene, Prague agglomeration, 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.1.9 The annual course of monthly concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.10 The annual course of monthly concentrations of ozone, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.11 Field of the annual concentration of NO2, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.12 Field of the 36th highest 24-hour concentration of PM10, Prague agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.13 The average annual PM10 concentrations at background and traffic stations, Brno agglomeration, 2002–2010
Fig. II.4.1.14 The relation between average monthly PM10 concentration and the total precipitation in 2010
Fig. II.4.1.15 The numbers of exceedances of 24-hour limit value of PM10 concentration 50 μg.m-3 in individual months of the year 2010
Fig. II.4.1.16 The average monthly concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10, PM2.5/PM10 proportions, Brno-Tuřany, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.17 The average annual NO2 concentrations at background and traffic stations, Brno agglomeration, 2002–2010
Fig. II.4.1.18 The influence of traffic on NOx concentrations – NO/NO2 proportions, Brno agglomeration, 2002–2010
Fig. II.4.1.19 The average monthly PAH concentrations, Brno-Líšeň, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.20 26th highest of maximum daily 8-hour running average of O3, Brno agglomeration, 2002–2010
Fig. II.4.1.21 Field of the annual concentration of NO2, Brno agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.22 Field of the 36th highest 24-hour concentration of PM10, Brno agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.23 Annual average concentrations of suspended particles of PM10 fraction at the stations in northern Moravia 1996–2010
Fig. II.4.1.24 Synoptic situation on 22.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.25 Synoptic situation on 28.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.26 Air temperature in the period 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.27 Wind velocity in the period 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.28 Wind roses
Fig. II.4.1.29 Maps of 24-hour concentrations of PM10 based on real-time non-verified data, 19.1.–28.1.2010 (source: portal.chmi.cz)
Fig. II.4.1.30 Hourly concentrations of PM10 in the Ostrava-Karviná area, 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.31 Hourly concentrations of PM10 in the Silesian Voivodeship, 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.32 Hourly concentrations of PM2.5 in the Ostrava-Karviná area, 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.33 Meteorological conditions for dispersion, 22.1.–29.1.2010
Fig. II.4.1.34 Field of the annual concentration of NO2, Moravian-Silesian agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.35 Field of the 36th highest 24-hour concentration of PM10, Moravian-Silesian agglomeration, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.36 The annual course of monthly PM10 concentrations and the number of 24-hour PM10 limit value exceedances, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.37 36th highest 24-hour PM10 concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.38 The annual course of monthly PM2.5 concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.39 The annual average concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10, PM2.5/PM10 ratio, Ústí nad Labem Region 2010
Fig. II.4.1.40 The annual course of average monthly benzo(a)pyrene concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.41 The annual course of average monthly PM10 and benzo(a)pyrene concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.42 The annual course of average monthly O3 concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.43 The annual course of average monthly NO2 concentrations, Ústí nad Labem Region, 2010
Fig. II.4.1.44 Trends of SO2, PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and CO annual characteristics in agglomerations, 1996–2010
Fig. II.4.2.1 4th highest 24-hour concentrations and 25th highest hourly concentrations of SO2 in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.2 Field of the 4th highest 24-hour concentration of SO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.3 Stations with the highest hourly concentrations of SO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.4 Stations with the highest 24-hour concentrations of SO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.5 36th highest 24-hour concentrations and annual average concentrations of PM10 in 2000–2010 at selected stations with UB, SUB, I and T classification
Fig. II.4.2.6 36th highest 24-hour concentrations and annual average concentrations of PM10 in 2000–2010 at selected rural (R) stations
Fig. II.4.2.7 Field of the 36th highest 24-hour concentration of PM10 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.8 Field of annual average concentration of PM10 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.9 Stations with the highest exceedance of LV for 24-hour concentrations of PM10 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.10 Stations with the highest exceedance of LV for annual concentrations of PM10 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.11 Numbers of exceedances of the limit value for 24-hour concentration of PM10 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.12 Annual average PM10 concentrations at the stations with the exceedance of the limit value, 2006–2010
Fig. II.4.2.13 Share of localities with the exceedance of the limit value for the 24-hour average concentration and annual average concentration of PM10, 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.2.14 Annual average concentrations of PM2.5 in the ambient air in 2004–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.15 Annual average concentration of PM2.5 at stations in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.16 Share of localities with the exceedance of the target value for the annual average concentration of PM2.5, 2004–2010
Fig. II.4.2.17 Average monthly PM2.5/PM10 ratio in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.18 Stations with the highest exceedance of LV for annual concentrations of PM2.5 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.19 19th highest hourly concentrations and annual average concentrations of NO2 in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.20 Field of annual average concentration of NO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.21 Stations with the highest hourly concentrations of NO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.22 Stations with the highest exceedance of LV for annual concentrations of NO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.23 Maximum daily 8-hour running average concentrations of CO in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.24 Stations with the highest values of maximum daily 8-hour running average concentrations of CO in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.25 Annual average concentrations of benzene in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.26 Field of annual average concentration of benzene in the ambient air in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.27 24-hour concentrations at the stations with the highest annual benzene concentrations in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.28 26th highest values of maximum daily 8-hour running average of ground-level ozone concentrations (three-year average) in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.29 Field of the 26th highest maximum daily 8-hour running average of ground-level ozone concentrations in three-year average, 2008–2010
Fig. II.4.2.30 Numbers of exceedances of the target value for the maximum daily 8-hour running average of ground-level ozone concentrations in three-year average, 2008–2010
Fig. II.4.2.31 Stations with the highest values of maximum daily 8-hour running average concentrations of ground-level ozone in 2008–2010
Fig. II.4.2.32 Annual average concentrations of lead in the ambient air in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.33 1/14-day average concentrations of lead in the ambient air in 2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.34 Annual average concentrations of cadmium in the ambient air in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.35 1/14-day average concentrations of cadmium in the ambient air in 2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.36 Annual average concentrations of arsenic in the ambient air in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.37 Field of annual average concentration of arsenic in the ambient air in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.38 1/14-day average concentrations of arsenic in the ambient air in 2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.39 Annual average concentrations of nickel in the ambient air in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.40 1/14-day average concentrations of nickel in the ambient air in 2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.41 Annual average concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene in the ambient air in 2000–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.42 Field of annual average concentration of benzo(a)pyrene in the ambient air in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.43 Monthly average concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene in various types of localities, 2004–2010
Fig. II.4.2.44 24-hour concentrations at the stations with the highest annual concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.45 Concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene and PM10 particles in individual localities, 2006–2010
Fig. II.4.2.46 Trends of SO2, PM10, PM2.5, NO2, NOx and O3 annual characteristics in the Czech Republic, 1996–2010
Fig. II.4.2.47 Trends of selected characteristics of SO2, PM10, NO2 and O3 (index, year 1996 = 100) and and PM2.5 (index, year 2004 = 100), 1996–2010
Fig. II.4.2.48 Trends of selected characteristics of SO2, PM10, NO2 and O3 (index, year 2000 = 100) and PM2.5 (index, year 2004 = 100), 2000–2010
Fig. II.4.2.49 Annual average concentrations of SO2 in 2000–2010 at selected rural stations
Fig. II.4.2.50 Winter average concentrations of SO2 in 2000/2001–2010/2011 at selected rural stations
Fig. II.4.2.51 Field of annual average concentration of SO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.52 Field of average concentration of SO2 in the winter period 2010/2011
Fig. II.4.2.53 24-hour concentrations at the stations with the highest annual concentrations of SO2 in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.54 24-hour concentrations at the stations with the highest winter concentrations of SO2 in the winter period 2010/2011
Fig. II.4.2.55 Annual average concentrations of NOx and NO2 in 2000–2010 at selected rural stations
Fig. II.4.2.56 Field of annual average concentration of NOx in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.57 24-hour concentrations at the stations with the highest annual concentrations of NOx in 2010
Fig. II.4.2.58 Annual exposure index AOT40 values of ozone in 2000–2010 at selected stations, average for 5 years
Fig. II.4.2.59 Annual exposure index AOT40 values in 2006–2010 at selected stations
Fig. II.4.2.60 Field of exposure index AOT40 values, average for 5 years, 2006–2010
Fig. II.4.2.61 Stations with the highest exposure index AOT40 values in recent 5 years, 2006–2010
Fig. II.4.3.1 Areas with deteriorated air quality with regard to health protection limit values, 2010
Fig. II.4.3.2 Areas with deteriorated air quality with regard to health protection target values, ground-level ozone excluded, 2010
Fig. II.4.3.3 Areas with deteriorated air quality with regard to health protection target values, incl. ground-level ozone, 2010
Fig. II.4.3.4 Areas with deteriorated air quality with regard to ecosystems/vegetation protection limit values in national parks and protected landscape areas, ground-level ozone excluded, 2010
Fig. II.4.3.5 Areas with deteriorated air quality with regard to ecosystems/vegetation protection limit values in national parks and protected landscape areas, including ground-level ozone, 2010
Fig. II.4.4.1 Annual average PM10 concentrations, 2008
Fig. II.4.4.2 36th highest value of maximum daily average of PM10 concentration, 2008
Fig. II.4.4.3 26th highest value of maximum daily 8-hour running average of ground-level ozone concentrations, 2008
Fig. II.4.4.4 Rural map of the exposure index AOT40 values of ozone for crops protection, 2008
Fig. II.5.1 Average daily air temperature, its long-term normal and daily sum of precipitation, Prague-Libuš, 1.1.–28.2.2010
Fig. II.5.2 Average daily air temperature, its long-term normal and daily sum of precipitation, Prague-Libuš, 1.11.–31.12.2010
Fig. II.5.3 Average hourly NO2 concentrations at the station Prague 2-Legerova, 1.1.–28.2.2010
Fig. II.5.4 Average hourly NO2 concentrations at the station Prague 2-Legerova, 1.10.–31.12.2010
Fig. II.5.5 Number of days with exceedances of PM10 limit value at selected station in the Czech Republic, 2010
Fig. II.5.6 Average daily PM10 concentrations at selected areas of the Czech Republic, 1.1.–28.2.2010
Fig. II.5.7 Course of maximum daily air temperatures, their normals and daily sums of precipitation at the station Prague-Libuš. Occurrence of ozone concentrations exceeding 180 μg.m-3 in the territory of the Czech Republic, 1.4.–30.9.2010
Fig. II.5.8 Maximum daily concentration of ground-level ozone at selected stations, 1.6.–31.7.2010
Fig. III.1 Station networks monitoring atmospheric precipitation quality and atmospheric deposition, 2010
Fig. III.2 Fields of annual wet deposition of sulphur (SO42- - S), 2010
Fig. III.3 Fields of annual dry deposition of sulphur (SO2 - S), 2010
Fig. III.4 Fields of annual total deposition of sulphur, 2010
Fig. III.5 Fields of annual throughfall deposition of sulphur, 2010
Fig. III.6 Fields of annual wet deposition of nitrogen (NO3- - N), 2010
Fig. III.7 Fields of annual wet deposition of nitrogen (NH4+ - N), 2010
Fig. III.8 Fields of annual total wet deposition of nitrogen, 2010
Fig. III.9 Fields of annual dry deposition of nitrogen (NOx - N), 2010
Fig. III.10 Fields of annual total deposition of nitrogen, 2010
Fig. III.11 Fields of annual wet deposition of hydrogen ions, 2010
Fig. III.12 Fields of annual dry deposition of hydrogen ions corresponding to SO2 and NOx deposition, 2010
Fig. III.13 Fields of annual total deposition of hydrogen ions, 2010
Fig. III.14 Fields of annual wet deposition of fluoride ions, 2010
Fig. III.15 Fields of annual wet deposition of chloride ions, 2010
Fig. III.16 Fields of annual wet deposition of lead ions (bulk sampling), 2010
Fig. III.17 Fields of annual dry deposition of lead, 2010
Fig. III.18 Fields of annual wet deposition of cadmium ions (bulk sampling), 2010
Fig. III.19 Fields of annual dry deposition of cadmium, 2010
Fig. III.20 Fields of annual wet deposition of nickel ions (bulk sampling), 2010
Fig. III.21 The development of annual deposition of sulphur (SO42-–S, SO2–S) and oxidated forms of nitrogen (NO3-–N, NOx–N) and hydrogen in the Czech Republic, 1995–2010
Fig. III.22 The development of the ratio of nitrate/sulphate concentrations in atmospheric deposition (expressed as μeq. l-1) at the CHMI stations, 1998–2010
Fig. III.23 The development of annual wet deposition at selected stations in 1991–2010, the Czech Republic