AIR POLLUTION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC IN 2005
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute - Air Quality Protection Division
II.3 Limit values in the Czech Republic valid for the year 2005
Air quality assessment is based on the fundamental legislative document, and namely the Clean Air Act No. 86/2002 Coll., as amended. The detailed guidelines are specified in the Government Order No. 350/2002 Coll., as amended, setting forth limit values and procedures of monitoring, assessment, evaluation and management of air quality. The Czech legislation reflects the requirements of the European Union set by the ambient air quality directives, i.e. by the Framework Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management and by the respective Daughter Directives 1999/30/EC (for pro SO2, NO2 and NOx, suspended particles and lead), 2000/69/EC (for benzene and CO), 2002/3/EC (for ground-level ozone) and 2004/107/EC (for arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons).
In 2005 the Government Order No. 350/2002 Coll. was amended and air pollution limit values for mercury and ammonia were abrogated. These limit values were not based on the limits set by the European Union.
For the pollutants which are to be monitored and assessed as substances manifesting evident harmful effects on the health of the population, the national legislation have set the air pollution limit values, margins of tolerance, target air pollution limit values and long-term air pollution targets, and deposition limit value. Moreover, the legislation sets the limit values for the protection of ecosystems and vegetation.